Skin disorders vary greatly in symptoms and severity. They can be temporary or permanent and may be painless or painful. Some have situational causes, while others may be genetic. Some skin conditions are minor, and others can be life-threatening.
Eczema, also known as atopic dermatitis, is a chronic skin condition that usually begins in childhood. Eczema is a common problem affecting 15 – 30% of children and 2 – 10% of adults. Chronic eczema causes people to lose sleep, affecting their school and work performance. It can also lead to irritability, generalised stress, and overall decreased quality of life.
Eczema cannot be cured, but it can be controlled with treatment. Because eczema is a chronic condition requiring long-term treatment, it is important to continue the search for better and safer treatments. Only through research can such treatments be discovered.
Impetigo is a bacterial infection of the skin that can cause blisters or sores on the face, neck and hands. Impetigo is highly contagious, and is treated primarily with antibiotics prescribed by a doctor. Symptoms include red, itchy sores that break open and leak a clear fluid or pus for a few days, after which a crusty yellow scab will form over the sore and then heal without leaving a scar.
Because there is no direct treatment to combat the bacteria that causes Impetigo, it is important to continue to search for safer and better treatments. Only through research can such treatments be discovered.
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